Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that affects the psychological well-being of patients. It can become life-threatening. Medical experts define this as an exceedingly low body weight comparative to stature — the body mass index (BMI). Patients at anorexia nervosa treatment centers experience an inaccurate view of body and self-image. They also have an irrational dread of weight gain as well as dangerous levels of weight loss.
The following are the two most common kinds of anorexia nervosa:
- Restrictive is the kind where they strictly restrict the amount of food they eat. They typically consume a small quantity that is way lower than their body’s caloric requirements. They gradually starve themselves.
- Purge or binge is when the patient vomits what they eat. Intense feelings of blame when eating caused this. They pay off by overly exercising, misusing laxatives or purging.
Both types showcase the same symptoms. These include irregular eating patterns and illogical fear of weight gain. It has several effects and symptoms, which is why its causes are also multifaceted. Psychological experts believe that both environmental and biological factors are reasons some people have anorexia. Instances of external factors that could add to the manifestation of this disorder include:
- Peer pressure from colleagues and friends to be sexy or thin
- Childhood and family traumas, such as severe trauma and sexual abuse
- Careers and professions that require weight loss and being thin (e.g., modeling and ballet)
- The body image issues curated by the media which continually highlights slim bodies as the perfect structure
Meanwhile, the biological factors are the following:
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Irregular hormone functions
Moreover, men and women who experience anorexia nervosa demonstrate an obsession toward irregular eating patterns and slim figures.